Using interaction patterns in a visual problem-solving task to detect learners’ confusion
Research team: Dr. Amael Arguel, Prof. Lori Lockyer, Dr. Mariya Pachman, Prof. Ottmar Lipp
CIC specialist: Dr. Kevin Chai
The ARC Science of Learning Research Centre, the Department of Educational Studies at Macquarie and the School of Psychology at Curtin University are interested in studying confusion in learners. Confusion is an emotion that learners can experience when they are learning complex content or trying to solve difficult problems. Confusion can sometimes be harmful when it leads to frustration; but can also be beneficial when it promotes engagement. This study aims to provide insights on the dynamics of emotions that are experienced during a problem-solving activity, with a focus on the role of confusion in engaging learners in the activity. Understanding how confusion can be beneficial may provide significant clues on how to improve learning outcomes in digital interactive environments. However, because confusion is an emotional state, it can be challenging to detect within digital environments.